Mexico has been making headlines after Trump’s administration in the US and yet another shocking report revealed that Mexico is the second deadliest country in the world for violent deaths after Syria, which ranks the list at number one spot. The study reports that deaths due to armed conflicts were high in Mexico than conflict war zones like Afghanistan, Iraq, and Yemen.
According to annual report released by the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) for the year 2016, Mexico was named the second deadliest country in the world, that’s because of increased deaths for more than a decade of drug-war conflicts. The organization used to conduct a study every year on armed conflicts around the world and rank countries based on the number of deaths occurred due to violence and homicides.
“Mexico is far from being one of the most violent countries in the world,” the foreign and interior ministries said in a testy joint statement, which pointed out that according to UN figures, the country’s homicide rate of 16.4 murders per 100,000 residents is significantly lower than several other Latin American countries including Brazil (25.2 murders per 100,000 residents), Venezuela (53.7 murders per 100,000 residents) and Honduras (90.4 murders per 100,000 residents).
Many say that violence in several parts of Mexico is aided by US demand for illegal drugs and the black market in American firearms. President Trump’s tweet endorsing the report has even worsened the case that only added anger among Mexicans. “I hope these morons are happy. Their idiotic report was already retweeted by @realDonald Trump,” tweeted Alejandro Hope, a Mexican security analyst.
Top ten deadliest countries in the world
Syria has been named the most deadly country in the world whilst Iraq, Afghanistan and Yemen were ranked in the top five. The other four counties in the top five were at civil war for almost a decade and hence increased armed conflicts in these countries, but it is different when it comes to Mexico, as the country is not at war, but the black market and drug war were high than that of the conflict zones. In 2016, there were around 23,000 deaths in Mexico and all the deaths were due to armed conflicts. John Chipman, CEO of IISS, quoted that these deaths were due to small arms.
Syria had witnessed 50,000 deaths in 2016 and it makes sense as the country is at civil war since 2011. More than 300,000 people have lost their lives since then. The percentage of deaths in 2016 has been raked when compared to 2015 and 2014, which reported only 17,000 and 14,000 deaths, respectively. Mexican government is struggling hard to revive peace in the country for more than a decade, but druf trafficking haven’t helped them to do so. However, the government has questioned IISS regarding the numbers of deaths reported in 2016.
“I have to ask myself if Brazil had declared war on organized crime – since Brazil has registered 50,000 homicides – would IISS include it in their study?” asked Jorge Kawas, a Mexican security analyst.
“This is shoddy work and sensationalist promotion,” said Tom Long, professor at the University of Reading. “Equating violence around drug trafficking to a civil war is really an uneven comparison. Mexico, and much of Latin America, have a real homicide problem.”